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Peníscola or Peñíscola, anglicised as Peniscola, is a municipality in the province of Castellón, Valencian Community, Spain. The town is located on the Costa del Azahar, north of the Serra d'Irta along the Mediterranean coast. It is a popular tourist destination.HistoryPeniscola, often called the "Gibraltar of Valencia," and locally as "The City in the Sea", is a fortified seaport, with a lighthouse, built on a rocky headland about 220 feet (67 m) high, and joined to the mainland by only a narrow strip of land. The history of the place goes back to the Iberians. Later the town became Phoenician, named Tyreche, then Greek, under the name Chersonesos (meaning "peninsula"). It was next captured by the Carthaginians under Hamilcar Barca; legend has it that this is the place where he made his son Hannibal swear an oath that he would never be a friend of Rome.The present castle was built by the Knights Templar between 1294 and 1307. In the fourteenth century it was garrisoned by the Knights of Montesa, and in 1420 it reverted to the Crown of Aragon. From 1415 to 1423 it was the home of the schismatic Avignon pope Benedict XIII (Pedro de Luna), whose name is commemorated in the Castell del Papa Luna, the name of the medieval castle, and Bufador del Papa Luna, a curious cavern with a landward entrance through which the seawater escapes in clouds of spray.Peniscola is in Province of Castellon. Plan your holiday in Peniscola and other destinations, from the rural, to the urban, and everything in between, using our Spain vacation planner .
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Top tours near Peniscola
Excursion to Cuevas de San José BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $46
Duration: 3 hours 30 minutes
MónNatura Delta de l'Ebre Entrance Ticket BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $9
Duration: 1 to 2 hours
CLIMB LONG ROUTES MULTI PITCH BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $172
Duration: 5 hours
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1 day in Peniscola BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM August, teens, popular sights PREFERENCES: August, teens ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Peniscola BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA September, popular sights PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 27 days in Spain & Andorra BY A USER FROM GERMANY September, culture, romantic, beaches, popular sights PREFERENCES: September, culture, romantic, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 22 days in Spain & Lisbon BY A USER FROM KENYA October, popular sights PREFERENCES: October ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 8 days in Peniscola BY A USER FROM HUNGARY July, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, wildlife, hidden gems PREFERENCES: July, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 5 days in Peniscola BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA August, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, shopping, hidden gems PREFERENCES: August, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium