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Dunfermline is a town and former Royal Burgh, and parish, in Fife, Scotland, on high ground 3mi from the northern shore of the Firth of Forth. The 2011 census recorded the town's population at 49,706, however figures released in 2012 estimate Dunfermline's population as 50,380, making it the largest locality in Fife and the tenth largest in Scotland.The earliest known settlements in the area around Dunfermline probably date as far back as the Neolithic period. The area was not regionally significant until at least the Bronze Age. The town was first recorded in the 11th century, with the marriage of Malcolm III, King of Scotland, and Saint Margaret at the church in Dunfermline. As his Queen consort, Margaret established a new church dedicated to the Holy Trinity, which evolved into an Abbey under their son, David I in 1128. Following the burial of Alexander I in 1160, the abbey graveyard confirmed its status as the burial place of Scotland's kings and queens up to and including Robert The Bruce in 1329.The town is a major service centre for west Fife. Dunfermline retains much of its historic significance, as well as providing facilities for leisure. Employment is focused in the service sector, with the largest employer being Sky UK. Other large employers in the area include Amazon (on-line retailer), Best Western (hotels), CR Smith (windows manufacturing), FMC Technologies (offshore energy), Lloyds and Nationwide (both financial services).Dunfermline is in Fife. Plan your visit to Dunfermline and other destinations in United Kingdom using our United Kingdom trip planner.
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Top Dunfermline tours
West Highlands, Lochs and Castles Small-Group Day Tour from Edinburgh BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $56
Duration: 10 hours
St Andrews & the Fishing Villages of Fife Small-Group Day Tour from Edinburgh BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $49
Duration: 8 hours 30 minutes
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