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Duke Of York Column, London

3.2
#1452 of 3,732 in Things to do in London
The Duke of York Column is a monument in London, England, to Prince Frederick, Duke of York, the second eldest son of King George III. The designer was Benjamin Dean Wyatt. It is sited where Regent Street meets The Mall, a purposefully wide endpoint of Regent Street known as Waterloo Place and Gardens, in between the two terraces of Carlton House Terrace and their tree-lined squares. The three very wide flights of steps down to The Mall adjoining are known as the Duke of York Steps. The column was completed in December 1832 and the statue of the Duke of York, by Sir Richard Westmacott, was raised on 10 April 1834.
Prince Frederick, Duke of York was the commander-in-chief of the British Army during the French Revolutionary Wars and led the reform of the army into a capable modernised force. The Duke is remembered in the children's nursery rhyme, "The Grand Old Duke of York". When he died in 1827, the entire British Army by general consensus following a proposal of the senior officers, forewent one day's wages to pay for a monument to the Duke.
When the sum of subscriptions for a monument to the duke reached £21,000, the committee overseeing the project asked a number of architects to submit proposals, and in December 1830 they chose a design by Benjamin Dean Wyatt. The mason Nowell of Pimlico, was contracted to build the column for a sum of £15,760. Excavations for the concrete foundations began on 27 April 1831. The ground was excavated to a layer of natural soil, around below street level. A layer of York stone slabs at a depth of around was used to consolidate the concrete, and another was placed at the top of the foundations, as a base for the masonry. The foundations were completed on 25 June 1831, and construction of the stonework began three weeks later.
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Duke Of York Column Reviews
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4.2
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  • Standing very tall in a very prominent position overlooking St.James Park. Wonderful and worth a look.  more »
  • A memorial post of Frederick Augusta, Duke of York, given to the second brother of the Prince of England on the front stairs of The Mar at the end of Regent St. I don't know how high it is, but i'm looking at St. James' Park with a statue of the Duke of York at a very high place.
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  • The monument of the Duke of York is a spectacular piece of British history and it was built to commemorate the life of Prince Frederick the Duke of York, who was the second eldest son of King George the third. The column itself was completed in December 1832, but the statue of the Duke of York was raised on 10 April 1834. Prince Frederick the Duke of York, died on 5 January 1827, and his beautiful monument is standing tall right across St James's park nearby Buckingham palace.
  • This monument stands in tribute to Prince Frederick, Duke of York, the second eldest son of King George III. His main legacy was his role as commander-in-chief of the British Army during the French Revolutionary Wars and leading the reform of the army into the then more modernised force. The statue is greatly larger than life at 4.11m tall is made of bronze and features the prince dressed in the robes of the Knights of the Garter, The statue sits atop a 42m (so kind of hard to miss, especially on The Mall) plinth, made of grey granite from Aberdeen in Scotland. The statue is so high up that unless it's a clear day (can be rare in UK), it's really hard to see the statue clearly.
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