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Temple Church, London

4.6
The Temple Church is a late 12th-century church in the City of London located between Fleet Street and the River Thames, built by the Knights Templar as their English headquarters. During the reign of King John (1199–1216) it served as the royal treasury, supported by the role of the Knights Templars as proto-international bankers. It is jointly owned by the Inner Temple and Middle Temple Inns of Court, bases of the English legal profession. It is famous for being a round church, a common design feature for Knights Templar churches, and for its 13th and 14th century stone effigies. It was heavily damaged by German bombing during World War II and has since been greatly restored and rebuilt. The area around the Temple Church is known as the Temple and nearby formerly in the middle of Fleet Street stood the Temple Bar, an ornamental processional gateway. Nearby is the Temple Underground station.
ConstructionIn the mid 12th century, before the construction of the church, the Knights Templar in London had met at a site in High Holborn in a structure originally established by Hugues de Payens. Because of the rapid growth of the order, by the 1160s the site had become too confined, and the Order purchased the current site for the establishment of a larger monastic complex as their headquarters in England. In addition to the church, the new compound originally contained residences, military training facilities, and recreational grounds for the military brethren and novices, who were not permitted to go into the City without the permission of the Master of the Temple.
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Temple Church Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
643 reviews
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4.5
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  • Excellent opportunity learn about the Knights Templar and its place in English history. I read about the history of the church on its web site and also on Wikipedia to better appreciate the unique arc...  more »
  • Entry ticket , built on the model of the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, is made up of two joined buildings, the Round Church and the Chancel rectangular plan. The Round Church is the entrance to the Church and is the oldest part of the building. In the neo-Roman-Gothic style, it is externally composed of two overlapping cylindrical bodies. The circular interior is covered with a wooden cruise vault surrounded by a walker separated by arches resting on polystyle pillars. On the floor of the central area, there are carved slabs in relief of Knights Templar and other exemplary characters. Some restoration work was carried out by Christopher Wren who renovated the interior, other works were carried out in the 19th century, with the application of neo-Gothic décor. In 1941 it suffered severe damage due to the German airstrikes, which was restored and was reopened in 1958. Large windows with multi-square windows illuminate the rectangular flooring on the side walls. Inside you can see numerous panels with historical documentation of the Templars and English History with reference also to the Magna Carta, a floor plan documents the old part and that added. Climbing up a narrow spiral staircase you get to the drum level of the central part where you notice the reconstruction of the roof and open up beautiful views below.
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  • Saw Antic Disposition's performance of Macbeth - excellent. They regularly use Temple Church, an amazing space to perform with vaulted ceiling and stained glass windows. One of my favourite venues. It is also an interesting historic building
  • I just had a walk around the area - the church closes quite early, but if you happen to be in the area - then it absolutely worth the visit. Enjoy beautiful garden views, luxurious buildings and breath in the mysterious air of rich history in this area
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