The Crossness Pumping Station, London

4.9
#895 of 3,734 in Things to do in London
The Crossness Pumping Station is a former sewage pumping station designed by the Metropolitan Board of Works's Chief Engineer Sir Joseph Bazalgette and architect Charles Henry Driver at the eastern end of the Southern Outfall Sewer and the Ridgeway path in the London Borough of Bexley. Constructed between 1859 and 1865, as part of Bazalgette's redevelopment of the London sewerage system, it features spectacular ornamental cast ironwork, that Nikolaus Pevsner described as "a masterpiece of engineering – a Victorian cathedral of ironwork".
It is adjacent to Erith Marshes, a grazing marsh, the northern part of which is designated as Crossness Nature Reserve. This provides a valuable habitat for creatures ranging from moths to small amphibians and water voles.
The Southern Outfall Works, as the complex was originally called, was officially opened on 4 April 1865, by Edward, Prince of Wales, attended by Prince Alfred, the Duke of Cambridge, Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Archbishop of York and the Lord Mayor of London, and many other persons of rank.
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The Crossness Pumping Station Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
67 reviews
Google
4.8
TripAdvisor
  • My partner and I visited the pumping station today. The tour was excellent and all the volunteers here were very knowledgable and enthusiastic. We spent approx 3.5 hours here, including the tour. The ...  more »
  • A great few hours spent at the pumping station earlier this week. Beautiful building, the work the volunteers have undertaken over the past 30 years is truly amazing. Our guide Wally was knowledgeable...  more »
Google
  • A work in progress by the enthusiastic volunteer restorers. The amazing ironwork that appears in all of the photos is just a small part in the centre of the machinery and the rest remains to be painted. The engines are so gigantic that you can only see the top of the flywheels as the pistons and pumps are hidden below floor level. You can climb up to the first floor at the level of the beams. It is quite interesting but it pays to make the effort to go when the Prince Consort engine is in steam and running.
  • Visited on a Steaming day. The volunteers were so helpful and informative. You can get up close to the huge engines to appreciate the Victorian over engineering. Check out the shuttle bus timetable. It makes the visit much less complicated.
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